使用Chrome开发者工具研究JavaScript的垃圾回收机制

I use the following simple JavaScript code to illustrate:

var JerryTestArray = [];
(function(){
      for( var i = 0; i < 100; i++){
    	JerryTestArray[i] = document.createElement("div");
       }
})();

Create a new empty tab in your Chrome, and first create a snapshot with empty heap status by click “Take Snapshot” button:

The Snapshot1 is generated.

Now switch to tab Console, paste the JavaScript code and execute it in console.

And switch to Profiles tab again to make the second snapshot:

Once done, select the second snapshot, choose “Comparison” and “Snapshot1” as filter:

We can find out from column “New” that 100 div nodes are created as we expect.

Since these nodes are not appended to document node so they are invisible to end user, so displayed as “Detached DOM”. The JerryTestArray still holds the reference to each div node so Garbage collector will not touch these nodes.

In order to make Garbage collector recycle the memory occupied by these nodes, just assign another value to JerryTestArray in console:

Once done, make the third snapshot and compare it with the second. Now we can find that the re-assignment to JerryTestArray will trigger the destruction of those 100 div nodes by Garbage collector:

Meanwhile, the string we use in assignment could also be inspected via the combination of filters below:

There is another kind of profile in Chrome development tool which can give you an overview about timeline of memory allocation:

Click Start button in above screenshot, and paste the following code in console and executed:

var JerryTestArray = [];
(function(){
      for( var i = 0; i < 98; i++){
    	JerryTestArray[i] = document.createElement("span");
        JerryTestArray[i].className = "JerryClassName" + i;
       }
})();

After the code is executed, paste the following code and execute:

JerryTestArray[30] = "this is a long test............................end";

Now stop the profile. The profile is displayed as below. The highlighted vertical blue line indicates the timeslot when the 97 Span elements are created. Note that the number of Span elements displayed here is not 98 but 97 since Chrome development tool displays the final status of objects after “stop profile” button is clicked ( the reference to 30th Span element is replaced by String, so it is recycled by GC ).

You can drag the two vertical bars to define the time range between which you would like to inspect. For example the time range below contains the timeslot when the below assignment occurs:

JerryTestArray[30] = "this is a long test............................end";

With this gained knowledge now we can check the memory allocation and destruction in some real application. For example click tile “My Tasks” to enter this application, make the first snapshot and click back button within application to return to launchpad, and make the second snapshot and review the comparison result.

From the result we find out lots of stuff are deleted after we return to launchpad:

Hover your mouse to a given destructed object and you can review its detail:

For more tips How I use Chrome development tool in my daily work, please refer to this blog Chrome Development Tool tips used in my daily work

要获取更多Jerry的原创文章,请关注公众号"汪子熙":

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Git 实用技巧

11-24
这几年越来越多的开发团队使用了Git,掌握Git的使用已经越来越重要,已经是一个开发者必备的一项技能;但很多人在刚开始学习Git的时候会遇到很多疑问,比如之前使用过SVN的开发者想不通Git提交代码为什么需要先commit然后再去push,而不是一条命令一次性搞定; 更多的开发者对Git已经入门,不过在遇到一些代码冲突、需要恢复Git代码时候就不知所措,这个时候哪些对 Git掌握得比较好的少数人,就像团队中的神一样,在队友遇到 Git 相关的问题的时候用各种流利的操作来帮助队友于水火。 我去年刚加入新团队,发现一些同事对Git的常规操作没太大问题,但对Git的理解还是比较生疏,比如说分支和分支之间的关联关系、合并代码时候的冲突解决、提交代码前未拉取新代码导致冲突问题的处理等,我在协助处理这些问题的时候也记录各种问题的解决办法,希望整理后通过教程帮助到更多对Git操作进阶的开发者。 本期教程学习方法分为“掌握基础——稳步进阶——熟悉协作”三个层次。从掌握基础的 Git的推送和拉取开始,以案例进行演示,分析每一个步骤的操作方式和原理,从理解Git 工具的操作到学会代码存储结构、演示不同场景下Git遇到问题的不同处理方案。循序渐进让同学们掌握Git工具在团队协作中的整体协作流程。 在教程中会通过大量案例进行分析,案例会模拟在工作中遇到的问题,从最基础的代码提交和拉取、代码冲突解决、代码仓库的数据维护、Git服务端搭建等。为了让同学们容易理解,对Git简单易懂,文章中详细记录了详细的操作步骤,提供大量演示截图和解析。在教程的最后部分,会从提升团队整体效率的角度对Git工具进行讲解,包括规范操作、Gitlab的搭建、钩子事件的应用等。 为了让同学们可以利用碎片化时间来灵活学习,在教程文章中大程度降低了上下文的依赖,让大家可以在工作之余进行学习与实战,并同时掌握里面涉及的Git不常见操作的相关知识,理解Git工具在工作遇到的问题解决思路和方法,相信一定会对大家的前端技能进阶大有帮助。
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