使用Java Stream API将List按自定义分组规则转换成Map的一个例子

本文完整测试代码见文末。

测试数据是List里的4个员工对象实例:

根据员工所在的城市进行分组:

结果分成了三组:

第一组的员工在上海:

第二组的员工在成都:

统计每组员工个数:


把员工进行分组,得分大于101分的在一组,小于等于101的在另一组:

分组结果:


package java8;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.function.Consumer;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

class Employee {
	private String city;
	private String name;
	private int score;
	
	public Employee(String name, String city, int score){
		this.city = city;
		this.name = name;
		this.score = score;
	}
	
	public String getCity(){
		System.out.println("city: " + this.city);
		return this.city;
	}
	
	public String getName() {
		return this.name;
	}
	
	public int getScore() {
		return this.score;
	}
	
	@Override
    public String toString() {
        return String.format("Employee: " + this.name + " city: " + this.city);
    }
}

class Person {
    private String name;
    private int age;
 
    Person(String name, int age) {
 
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
    }
 
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return String.format("Person{name='%s', age=%d}", name, age);
    }
}

// Jerry 2016-01-15 20:51PM ? 多用于extends generic的type,接受所有Object的sub class
public class StreamTest {
	private static void printMap(Map<? extends Object, ? extends Object> map) {
		 for(Entry<? extends Object, ? extends Object> entry:map.entrySet()) {
			    System.out.println("key = " + entry.getKey() + " , Value = " + entry.getValue());
			 }
	}
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ArrayList<Employee> employees = new ArrayList<Employee>();
		employees.add(new Employee("A", "Shanghai",100));
		employees.add(new Employee("B", "Chengdu",101));
		employees.add(new Employee("C", "Shenzhen",102));
		employees.add(new Employee("D", "Chengdu",104));
		
		// group by City
		Map<String, List<Employee>> employeesByCity =
				employees.stream().collect( Collectors.groupingBy(Employee::getCity));
		//  default void forEach(Consumer<? super T> action) {
		for(Map.Entry<String, List<Employee>> entry:employeesByCity.entrySet()) {
		    System.out.println("key= " + entry.getKey() + " , Value = " + entry.getValue());
		    entry.getValue().forEach(System.out::println);
		 }
		 
		 // 2016-01-15 20:37PM 
		 Consumer<Employee> aa = a -> { System.out.println("Employee: " + a.getName() + " : " +  a.getScore()); };
		 List<Employee> chengduEmployee = employeesByCity.get("Chengdu");
		 chengduEmployee.forEach(aa);
		 
		 // test for counting
		 Map<String, Long> employeesByCity2 = 
				 employees.stream().collect( Collectors.groupingBy(Employee::getCity, Collectors.counting()));
		 printMap(employeesByCity2);
		
		 // calculate average score
		 Map<String, Double> employeesByCity3 = 
				 employees.stream().collect( Collectors.groupingBy(Employee::getCity,
						 Collectors.averagingInt(Employee::getScore)));
		 
		 printMap(employeesByCity3);
		/*Stream<Person> people = Stream.of(new Person("Paul", 24), new Person("Mark", 30), new Person("Will", 28));
		Map<Integer, List<String>> peopleByAge = people.collect(groupingBy(p -> p.age, mapping((Person p) -> p.name, toList())));
		System.out.println(peopleByAge);*/
		 
		 /*
		  * 分区是一种特殊的分组,结果 map 至少包含两个不同的分组——一个true,一个false。
		  * 例如,如果想找出最优秀的员工,你可以将所有雇员分为两组,一组销售量大于 N,
		  * 另一组小于 N,使用 partitioningBy 收集器:
		  */
		 System.out.println("partition result");
		 Map<Boolean, List<Employee>> partitioned =
				 employees.stream().collect(Collectors.partitioningBy(e -> e.getScore() > 101));
		 printMap(partitioned);
		 
		 /*
		  * 你也可以将 groupingBy 收集器传递给 partitioningBy 收集器来将联合使用分区和分组。例如,你可以统计每个分区中的每个城市的雇员人数:

		Map<Boolean, Map<String, Long>> result =
		employees.stream().collect(partitioningBy(e -> e.getNumSales() > 150,
		groupingBy(Employee::getCity, counting())));

		这样会生成一个二级 Map:

		{false={London=1}, true={New York=1, Hong Kong=1, London=1}}
		  */
	}
}

要获取更多Jerry的原创文章,请关注公众号"汪子熙":

展开阅读全文
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 深蓝海洋 设计师: CSDN官方博客 返回首页
实付0元
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值